Slavs and the Slave Trade, The: The History of Enslaved Slavs across Eastern Europe and the Islamic World

some historians have aligned the term Slav as deriving from descriptions of slaves: “The word “slave” and its cognates in most modern European languages is itself derived...

Gastronomy in Mesoamerica: The History of Indigenous People’s Diets Before and After European Contact

Indigenous groups settling in Mesoamerica had different languages, political and social organizations, traditions, and beliefs; however, there were a series of traits that...

American Utopias: The History of Famous Attempts to Establish Utopian Societies in the United States

In the 19th century, the young United States was exposed to the profound changes that historians call the Market Revolution. Cities experienced drastic changes as manufacturing...

Ancient Gaza: The History and Legacy of the Crucial Territory during Antiquity

The Gaza Strip is one of the most controversial hotbeds of conflict in the 21st century, but wars are nothing new to this area of the world. Like other places across the Middle...

Kingdom of Moab, The: The History of the Ancient Kingdom that Fought Against the Israelites’ Invasion of Canaan

The Biblical-era Kingdom of Moab was located primarily in modern Jordan, but we do not know precisely when it came into being. However, by the tenth century BCE, a proto-Moabite...

Order of Assassins, The: The History and Legacy of the Secretive Persian Sect during the Middle Ages

Like the shinobi, more commonly known as the ninja, the assassin is yet another fabled figure with ancient roots that remains astonishingly relevant to this day. Assassins in the...

Gracchi, The: The Lives and Legacies of the Brothers Who Attempted to Reform the Roman Republic

According to tradition, the Roman Republic came into being in 509 B.C. following the overthrow of the monarchy, and it ended in 27 B.C. when Augustus became the first emperor....

Gunpowder: The History and Legacy of the Explosive that Modernized Warfare

The crucial importance of education in China, a prized virtue instilled in the population among all classes by beloved teacher and philosopher Confucius in the 6th century BCE,...

Gulf of Tonkin Incident, The: The History of the Controversial Event that Escalated America’s Involvement in Vietnam

In 1964, the USS Maddox was an intelligence-gathering naval ship stationed off the coast of North Vietnam for the purpose of gathering information about the ongoing conflict...

Ancient Smyrna: The History and Legacy of the Influential Greek City in Anatolia

Smyrna was one of the various cities that enjoyed brief yet important periods of influence in which they spawned important dynasties, were the scenes of history-changing battles,...

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