Ancient Smyrna: The History and Legacy of the Influential Greek City in Anatolia

Smyrna was one of the various cities that enjoyed brief yet important periods of influence in which they spawned important dynasties, were the scenes of history-changing battles,...

Revolutions of 1848, The: The History and Legacy of the Massive Social Uprisings across Europe

Even in the wake of Napoleon’s departure from the scene, the continental powers had to work to repress secularism and liberalism in Europe. They quashed liberal movements in...

Doggerland: The History of the Land that Once Connected Great Britain to Continental Europe

Among the most significant water displacement phenomena in the Western world was Doggerland on the northern European continent. The notable inundation occurred in both a steady...

Operation Crossbow: The History of the Allied Bombing Missions against Nazi Germany’s V-2 Rocket Program during World War II

The British were only too aware of the dangers and potential of the Nazi rockets because the Nazi V-weapon bombardment of London and the south coast of England in 1944 and 1945...

Burgundians, The: The History of the Early Kingdoms of Burgundy in the Middle Ages

A history of Burgundy could more accurately be described as the "history of the Burgundies," because at different points between 406 and 1795, there were at least 10 distinct...

Franz Kafka: The Life and Legacy of One of the 20th Century’s Most Influential Writers

Franz Kafka was among the most unique authors in the early 20th century, and as a Jewish German-language writer, he proved to be an ideal conduit for his era’s deepest...

Elephantine Island and Aswan: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Egyptian Sites

Perhaps the most intriguing aspect of ancient Egyptian civilization was its inception from the ground up, as the ancient Egyptians had no prior civilization which they could use...

Gaius Marius: The Life and Legacy of the General Who Reformed the Roman Army

Julius Caesar is still remembered for winning a civil war and helping bring about the end of the Roman Republic, leaving a line of emperors in its place, but it’s quite possible...

Life Cycles of Stars, The: The History of the Lives and Deaths of Stars

When people look up into the night sky, the stars seem fixed and immutable, as unchanging as the darkness of space itself, but the truth is that stars are born, live and die in a...

Ottoman-Russian Wars of the 19th Century, The: The History of the Conflicts Between Russia and the Ottoman Empire Leading Up to World War I

In the wake of taking Constantinople, the Ottoman Empire would spend the next few centuries expanding its size, power, and influence, bumping up against Eastern Europe and...

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