Battle of Hürtgen Forest, The: The History of the Longest Battle Fought in Germany during World War II

While the Battle of the Bulge is the most famous fighting in that theater after D-Day, the Battle of Hürtgen Forest cost American forces almost 60,000 battle casualties, and...

Albert Speer and Germania: The History of Nazi Germany’s Lead Architect and His Plans for a Future German Capital

In 1933, Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party took absolute control of Germany, and his new regime was known as the Third Reich (Third Empire). The first Germanic empire had been the...

Battle of Tours, The: The History and Legacy of the Decisive Battle Between the Moors and Franks in France

While the Moors have always been associated with Spain due to their lengthy stay on the Iberian Peninsula, the most famous battle they were involved in was actually fought in...

War of the Sicilian Vespers, The: The History and Legacy of Sicily’s Rebellion against the French in the Late 13th Century

However diverse Sicily might be, it is also paradoxically considered to be an emblem of Italy itself, a paradox it shares with Naples. In fact, Frederick II was the last ruler of...

Ancient Greek Cavalry: The History and Legacy of Classical Greece’s Forgotten Soldiers

Modern perceptions of ancient Greece are almost always based on Athens and Sparta, which is why other city-states and other military units besides the hoplites have been...

Crypto-Jews, The: The History of the Forcibly Converted Jews Who Secretly Practiced Judaism during the Inquisition

By the end of the 14th century, the distrust and prejudice against Jewish communities quickly spread to Spain. In 1391, James II of Aragon boarded the bandwagon; backed into a...

Catalonia and Basque Country: The History and Legacy of the Autonomous Communities in Spain

Shaped like an uneven triangle, Catalonia is comprised of four provinces that occupy an area of 12,390 square miles: Girona, Barcelona, Tarragona and Lleida. Catalonia also has a...

Little Turtle’s War: The History and Legacy of the 18th Century Conflict Between the United States and Native Americans in the Northwest Territory

The new United States was faced with a fundamental problem: to expand, it had to settle lands to the west of the Appalachian Mountains, ceded to it by the British. However, the...

Argentina: The History and Legacy of the Nation from the Colonial Era to Today

By the time Christopher Columbus started setting east from the New World, he had explored San Salvador in the Bahamas (which he thought was Japan), Cuba (which he thought was...

Florence Nightingale and Clara Barton: The Lives and Careers of History’s Most Influential Nurses

Today, nursing is one of the most ubiquitous professions in the world, and images of war immediately call to mind nursing the wounded, but it was not long ago that such ideas were...

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